There are 4 species of echidna, with only 1 species being found on mainland Australia, the other 3 species are found in the nearby island of PNG. The short-beaked echidna is found across Australia and are the most widespread mammal in Australia. Often called the spiney ant eater, echidnas eat ants and other insects using their sticky 17cm long tongue. Echidna are monotrimes so females lay eggs which they incubate in their pouch. Once the egg hatches, the puggle (baby echidna) suckles from the mother for 3 months in her pouch before it ventures into the world.
IUCN status: Least concerned
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