Striking a Balance: Nature Based Mental Health Interventions – National Parks Association of Queensland

Striking a Balance: Nature Based Mental Health Interventions

The following was written based on an article in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Tourism as a Tool in Nature-Based Mental Health: Progress and Prospects Post-Pandemic), published in 2022 and written by Buckley, Ralf C, Cooper and Mary-Ann. 

The COVID-19 pandemic laid bare the global need for mental health care. Amidst the turmoil, the fusion of nature-based tourism and mental wellness emerged as a promising avenue for recovery. This article navigates the evolving landscape of nature-based mental health interventions, emphasising the importance of preserving biodiversity and conservation efforts.

Spear Lily (Doryanthes palmeri) – Paul Donatiu


Tourism has long served as a conduit for enhancing individual well-being, offering solace and communion with the natural world. Against the pandemic’s backdrop, the value of these experiences has surged, with nature tourism poised to play a pivotal role in mental health recovery.

Here, we explore the intersection of tourism and mental health, mindful of the imperative to safeguard conservation and biodiversity.

The Role of Nature Tourism in Mental Health 

Nature tourism holds vast potential for promoting mental wellness, providing individuals with opportunities to immerse themselves in therapeutic natural environments. National parks, in particular, stand as bastions of biodiversity and serenity, offering respite from the frenetic pace of modern life. However, it’s crucial to ensure that access to these sanctuaries does not compromise their primary purpose of conservation.

Global Perspectives on Nature-Based Mental Health 

Countries worldwide are awakening to the intrinsic connection between nature and mental well-being, integrating nature-based interventions into mental health care frameworks.

From Australia to Chile, initiatives aimed at harmonising nature and wellness have gained momentum, signalling a paradigm shift in mental health approaches. Yet, the challenge lies in balancing accessibility with conservation imperatives.

Addressing Key Research Questions 

As the field of nature-based mental health advances, critical research questions demand attention. These include evaluating the efficacy of guided nature experiences versus self-guided visits, understanding the impact of biodiversity on therapeutic outcomes, and discerning sustainable practices for promoting mental wellness without compromising conservation goals.

Challenges and Opportunities 

While strides have been made in leveraging nature tourism for mental health promotion, challenges persist at both individual and systemic levels.

Access barriers, financial constraints, and cultural considerations pose formidable hurdles to equitable nature-based interventions. Yet, within these challenges lie opportunities for innovation and collaboration, fostering a balance between mental wellness and conservation imperatives.

Balancing Conservation and Mental Health 

While the benefits of nature-based tourism on mental health are evident, it’s essential to acknowledge and address concerns about its potential impact on the environment, particularly in protected areas like national parks.

Increased visitation to these pristine habitats can pose significant challenges to conservation efforts and ecological sustainability.

One of the primary concerns associated with tourism in national parks is the potential degradation of fragile ecosystems. The influx of visitors can lead to habitat destruction, disturbance of wildlife, and disruption of natural processes. Additionally, the construction of infrastructure to accommodate tourists, such as trails, visitor centers, and accommodations, may further encroach upon pristine wilderness areas, altering their ecological integrity.

D’Aguilar National Park – Karin Cox

Mitigating Tourism Impacts 

To mitigate these risks, tourism operators must work within the guides set forth by conservation organisations and government to implement sustainable practices.

This includes setting carrying capacities for visitor numbers, implementing strict guidelines for visitor behavior, and investing in infrastructure that minimises environmental impact.

Additionally, education and awareness campaigns can help foster a culture of environmental stewardship among visitors, encouraging them to respect and protect the natural world.

Community Engagement and Indigenous Knowledge 

Furthermore, recognising the importance of indigenous communities and traditional landowners in conservation efforts is essential.

Indigenous knowledge systems offer invaluable insights into sustainable resource management and biodiversity conservation. By involving local communities in decision-making processes and respecting their rights to land and resources, we can ensure that conservation efforts are inclusive, equitable, and culturally sensitive.


The convergence of nature-based tourism and mental wellness holds immense potential for enhancing human well-being. However, this potential must be approached with a steadfast commitment to conservation principles.

Achieving a balance between promoting mental health and preserving biodiversity is crucial to forging a path towards a more sustainable and harmonious future for both people and the planet. This entails implementing strategies that prioritise both the therapeutic benefits of nature-based experiences and the protection of natural ecosystems.

Nature-based tourism emerges as a beacon of hope, offering individuals avenues for healing and resilience amidst tumultuous times. By embracing and promoting nature-based interventions, we not only support mental wellness but also contribute to the preservation of ecological integrity.

Through the preservation of the sanctity of natural habitats and the promotion of mental wellness, we can pave the way for a future where the harmony between human well-being and conservation is paramount, ensuring a legacy of sustainability for generations to come.

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